Labour market and employment

Online seminar on 1 October 2021 at 13.00

Graphic advertisement on VATT day 1.10.2021. Labour market and employment.

Welcome to VATT day 2021

VATT day 2021 will be organized as an online seminar on 1st October 2021 with the theme labour market and employment. The seminar focuses on measures to increase employment. Due to the pandemic the seminar will be held online this year. The first part of the seminar will be held in English and the second part of the seminar is in Finnish.


The first part of the VATT day 2021 Labour market and employment -seminar recording (in English) was found in Youtube until 14th October 2021.


Welcome to follow the VATT day 2021 Labour market and employment -seminar on Friday 1st October 2021 at 13.00-15.30.

Register for the VATT day 2020 seminar and receive program, stream link and materials of the seminar.

Follow the event and comment in Twitter (@VATT_research) #vattday or (@vatt_tutkimus) #vattpäivä.

30 years of labour market research

The theme of the VATT day 2021 is labour market and employment. Labour market research has been an important area of research at VATT since the center was established in the midst of a deep recession 30 years ago. Although VATT's research activities and expertise have expanded over the years to cover many areas of applied economics, the labour market and employment have remained at the heart of our research and relevant.

Domestic and international applied economic research will also be at the center of VATT day 2021 - for 30 years now VATT has brought economic research and expertise to support decision-making. Read also the news of the VATT day seminar.


First/International part (In English)
Host: Research Director Essi Eerola (VATT)

13.00 Welcome to VATT-day
- Director General Mikael Collan (VATT)

13.03 Greetings from the Ministry
- State Under-Secretary Elina Pylkkänen (Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment)

13.10 What Works? Lessons from Active Labor Market Policy Evaluations
- Professor Andrea Weber (Central European University)

13.40 Employment and Policy in the Nordic Context
- Professor Oskar Nordström Skans (Uppsala University)

Break/Tauko 14.10-14.20

Second/National part (in Finnish)
Host: Tutkimusprofessori Tuomas Pekkarinen (VATT)

14.20 30 vuotta työllisyystutkimusta Suomessa
- Tutkimusprofessori Tuomas Pekkarinen (VATT)

14.25 Miten edistää työllisyyttä? Tutkijaryhmän raportin ehdotuksia ja suosituksia
- Professori Markus Jäntti (Tukholman yliopisto)

14.40 Lyhennys, laajennus, porrastus: Ansioturvan muutokset ja työllistyminen
- Johtava tutkija Hanna Pesola (VATT)

14.55 Työllistyminen ja kannustimet – Mitä opimme perustulokokeilusta?
- Johtava tutkija Jouko Verho (VATT)

15.10 Kommenttipuheenvuorot
- Ekonomisti Sanna Kurronen (Elinkeinoelämän valtuuskunta EVA)
- Professori Heikki Hiilamo (Helsingin yliopisto)

15.20 Kysymyksiä ja vastauksia /Q & A

The event closes ends around 15.30. Media interviews at 15.40 or as agreed.


What Works? Lessons from Active Labor Market Policy Evaluations
- Professor Andrea Weber

Most pressing problems in labor markets such as long-term unemployment, youth unemployment, earnings losses after job displacement, or persistently high unemployment after recessions have been addressed with active labor market policies (ALMPs). We would like to know which types of programs work better, whether the effects differ over the short or longer-run, or whether effects vary over the business cycle. To answer these questions, we compare findings from 200 recent studies that evaluate ALMPs around the world in a meta-analysis and conclude that:

- average impacts are close to zero in the short run, but become more positive 2–3 years after program completion,
- the time profile of impacts varies by type of program, with larger average gains for programs that emphasize human capital accumulation,
- there is systematic heterogeneity across participant groups, with larger impacts for females and participants who enter from long term unemployment,
- active labor market programs are more likely to show positive impacts in a recession.

Employment and Policy in the Nordic Context
- Professor Oskar Nordström Skans

The talk discusses how employment can be increased drawing on insights from other Nordic countries. Employment is closely related to labor force participation. The biggest potential to increase employment is therefore found among older workers, mothers of young children, and labor market entrants. Economic incentives are important for labor force participation. Increasing employment among the unemployed is more difficult, but also more important. Precisely because it is difficult, policy makers need to make use of all the tools they can in order to help the least skilled find employment. Measures should promote job search, builds personal connections between job seekers and employers, and remove unnecessary barriers on the labor demand side. Finally, the talk discusses how policy makers should relate to the future of work and the potential that the deployment of new technologies may change the nature of labor demand.


Headshot of Andrea Weber

Professor Andrea Weber (Central European University)

Andrea Weber is professor of economics at the Central European University, working in areas of labor and public economics. Her research and teaching focuses on the interaction of labor markets and public institutions. She is interested in topics such as gender differences, the role of firms in the labor market, social insurance programs, and program evaluation. Before joining CEU she taught at UC Berkeley, the University of Mannheim and the Vienna University of Economics and Business.Professor Andrea Weber's website.

Headshot of Oskar Nordström Skans

Professor Oskar Nordström Skans (Uppsala University)

Oskar Nordström Skans is a professor of economics at Uppsala University. His research is empirical and focuses on core labor market topics such as the transition from school-to-work, social job-search networks and the labor market impact of technology. His research has been published some of the most prominent economic journals such as the American Economic Review and the Review of Economic Studies. He has also served as an expert in several Swedish labor related public commissions. Professor Oskar Nordström Skans's website.

Headshot of Markus Jäntti

Professor Markus Jäntti (Stockholm University)

Markus Jäntti is a professor of economics at Stockholm University. He has worked as a professor at the University of Tampere, Åbo Akademi University and the University of Helsinki (shared with VATT) and as a visiting professor at the University of Michigan. His research centers on the importance of family background in the economic status formation, intergenerational income shift, income distribution and poverty, and he has published multiple peer-reviewed studies on these themes in various scientific journals. He led the working group of researchers on employment appointed by the Minister of Employment in 2019. Professor Markus Jäntti's website.

Headshot of Tuomas Pekkarinen

Research Professor Tuomas Pekkarinen (VATT)

Tuomas Pekkarinen is research professor and research leader in the labour markets and education research area. His recent research has dealt with the effects of education policy reforms on social mobility and learning outcomes. Tuomas gained his PhD in economics at the European University Institute in Florence in 2003. In the 2016-2017 academic year Tuomas was on a research visit at the London School of Economics Centre for Economic Performance. Research Professor Tuomas Pekkarinen's website.

Headshot of Hanna Pesola

Chief Researcher Hanna Pesola (VATT)

Hanna Pesola’s research focuses on labour markets and immigration-related issues. Her ongoing research studies the effects of unemployment benefits and educational choices of immigrants’s children. Hanna also works in the researcher services section of Statistics Finland on developing research data. She gained her PhD in economics from Aalto University in 2011. Chief Researcher Hanna Pesola's website.

Headshot of Jouko Verho

Chief Researcher Jouko Verho (VATT)

Jouko Verho is a chief researcher in the field of labour markets and education. Besides labour markets, he has studied topics in social security and health economics. Previously, he has worked in the research department of the Social Insurance Institution of Finland and developed the remote access for research data at Statistics Finland. He has also been a researcher at the IFAU Institute at Uppsala University and a visiting scholar at University College London. Jouko received his doctorate in economics from the University of Helsinki in 2008. Chief Researcher Jouko Verho's website.

Headshot of Mikael Collan

Director General Mikael Collan (VATT)

Headshot of Elina Pylkkänen

State Under-Secretary Elina Pylkkänen (Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employmen;

Headshot of Sanna Kurronen

Economist Sanna Kurronen (EVA)

Headshot of Heikki Hiilamo

Professor Heikki Hiilamo (University of Helsinki)

More information:
Communications Specialist Hanna Kemppainen, hanna.kemppainen (@), +358 295 519 402
Research Director Essi Eerola, essi.eerola (@), +358 295 519 407
Research professor Tuomas Pekkarinen tuomas.pekkarinen(@), +358 295 519 465

Construction workers at a construction site with VATT 30 years logo attached to the corner.